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Glossary

National Holidays

National Holiday

While the Act on National Holidays (Cabinet Office Site link) defines Japanese National Holidays, it gives no definitive dates for "Shunbun no Hi" nor "Shuubun no Hi". We determine these dates using 24 Solar Terms and announce in Reki Yoko on the first Official gazette issued in February.

There are no official English names for Japanese National Holidays.

Appendix

Related Contents (Japanese Only): Topics on Calendars, History of National Holiday and "Reki Yoko", History, Future predictions

Tables of National Holidays

Ganjitsu Seijin no Hi Kenkoku Kinen no Hi Shunbun no Hi Shouwa no Hi Kenpou Kinen Bi Midori no Hi Kodomo no Hi Umi no Hi Yama no Hi Keirou no Hi Shuubun no Hi Sports no Hi Bunka no Hi Kinrou Kansha no Hi Tennou Tanjou Bi
NameDefinitionMeaning
GanjitsuJanuary 1st New Year's Day
the day to celebrate a new year
Seijin no Hi2nd Monday in January Coming of Age Day
the day to celebrate and encourage youngsters who realize that they reached legal age of adulthood and try to survive their own life
Kenkoku Kinen no Hiprovided by cabinet order
(February 11th)
National Foundation Day
the day to recall the foundation of Japan and raise patriotic minds
Tennou Tanjou BiFebruary 23rd Emperor's Birthday
The day to celebrate Emperor's Birthday
Shunbun no HiShunbun Bi Vernal Equinox Day, Spring Equinox Day
the day to admire nature and love life.
Shouwa no HiApril 29th Shouwa Day, Showa Day
The day to look back Shuowa Era and hope for the future
Kenpou Kinen BiMay 3rd Constitution Day, Constitution Memorial Day
the day to celebrate enforcement of the constitution of Japan and hope for the growth of our country
Midori no HiMay 4th Greenery Day
the day to get close to nature, thank its benefits and grow fertile minds
Kodomo no HiMay 5th Children's Day
the day to think highly of children's personality, hope for their happiness and thank mothers
Umi no Hi3rd Monday in July
July 23rd, exclusively in 2020
Marine Day
the day to thank benefits from sea and hope for the prosperity of Japan.
Yama no HiAugust 11th
August 10th, exclusively in 2020
Moutain Day
the day to commune with mountains and thank benefits from them.
Keirou no Hi3rd Monday in September Respect for the Elderly Day, Respect for the Aged Day
the day to respect elders who served for national welfare for a long time and celebrate longevity
Shuubun no HiShuubun Bi Autumnal Equinox Day, Autumn Equinox Day
the day to respect ancestors and think of people who has passed away
Sports no Hi
Taiiku no Hi until 2019
2nd Monday in October
July 24th, exclusively in 2020
Sports Day
the day to enjoy sports, grow mind to respect others, and hope to realize the healthy and energetic society
Bunka no HiNovember 3rd Culture Day, National Culture Day
the day to love freedom & peace and promote culture
Kinrou Kansha no HiNovember 23rd Labor Day, Labor Thanksgiving Day
The day to respect labor, celebrate harvest or production and thank each other

National Holiday and holiday

Article 3 of the Act on National Holidays [external link] (Cabinet Office Site) declares,

Appendix

Related topics: National holiday and holiday (Japanese Only)