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Glossary

National Holidays

National Holiday

Although the definition of Japanese National Holidays is in "Act on National Holidays [external link]" (Cabinet Office Site), no definite day is given for Shunbun no Hi nor Shuubun no Hi. Those days are defined by 24 Sekki, more specifically Shunbun (Vernal Equinox) and Shuubun (Autumnal Equinox), respectively. We astronomically determine those days and announce with "Reki Yoko" in the first official gazette issued in February. There are no definitive English names for Japanese National Holidays.

Appendix

Related topics (Japanese Only): Shuubun no Hi starts moving, Shunbun no Hi and Shuubun no Hi, National Holidays, History of National Holiday and Reki Yoko, History, Future predictions)

Tables of National Holidays

Ganjitsu Seijin no Hi Kenkoku Kinen no Hi Shunbun no Hi Shouwa no Hi Kenpou Kinen Bi Midori no Hi Kodomo no Hi Umi no Hi Yama no Hi Keirou no Hi Shuubun no Hi Taiiku no Hi Bunka no Hi Kinrou Kansha no Hi Tennou Tanjyou Bi
NameDefinitionMeaning
GanjitsuJanuary 1st New Year's Day
the day to celebrate a new year
Seijin no Hi2nd Monday in January Coming of Age Day
the day to celebrate and encourage youngsters who realize that they reached legal age of adulthood and try to survive their own life
Kenkoku Kinen no Hiprovided by cabinet order
(February 11th)
National Foundation Day
the day to recall the foundation of Japan and raise patriotic minds
Shunbun no HiShunbun Bi Vernal Equinox Day, Spring Equinox Day
the day to admire nature and love life.
Shouwa no HiApril 29th Shouwa Day, Showa Day
The day to look back Shuowa Era and hope for the future
Kenpou Kinen BiMay 3rd Constitution Day, Constitution Memorial Day
the day to celebrate enforcement of the constitution of Japan and hope for the growth of our country
Midori no HiMay 4th Greenery Day
the day to get close to nature, thank its benefits and grow fertile minds
Kodomo no HiMay 5th Children's Day
the day to think highly of children's personality, hope for their happiness and thank mothers
Umi no Hi3rd Monday in July Marine Day
the day to thank benefits from sea and hope for the prosperity of Japan.
Yama no HiAugust 11th (from 2016) Moutain Day
the day to commune with mountains and thank benefits from them.
Keirou no Hi3rd Monday in September Respect for the Elderly Day, Respect for the Aged Day
the day to respect elders who served for national welfare for a long time and celebrate longevity
Shuubun no HiShuubun Bi Autumnal Equinox Day, Autumn Equinox Day
the day to respect ancestors and think of people who has passed away
Taiiku no Hi2nd Monday in October Health (and, &) Sports Day
the day to get close to sports and build up healthy body and soul
Bunka no HiNovember 3rd Culture Day, National Culture Day
the day to love freedom & peace and promote culture
Kinrou Kansha no HiNovember 23rd Labor Day, Labor Thanksgiving Day
The day to respect labor, celebrate harvest or production and thank each other
Tennou Tanjyou BiDecember 23rd Emperor's Birthday
The day to celebrate Emperor's Birthday

National Holiday and holiday

Act on National Holidays [external link] (Cabinet Office Site) declares National Holidays are holidays.

If a national holiday falls upon Sunday, The first day after that day excluding national holidays becomes a holiday. Example: May 4th (Midori no Hi) is Sunday in 2014. Since May 5th is a national holiday (Kodomo no Hi), May 6th becomes a holiday.

A non national holiday sandwiched by two National holidays becomes a holiday. Example: Since September 21st is Keirou no Hi and September 23rd is Shuubun no Hi in 2009, September 22nd becomes a holiday.

Appendix

Related topics (Japanese Only): National holiday and holiday